Tourmalines belong to a group that is separate from other precious stones. During its formation millions of years ago, tourmalines could be found in different colors ranging from green to red and yellow to black. This coloring resulted from trace elements such as manganese, iron or chromium. In the case of green tourmaline, also called “verdelite,” chromium is responsible for its fantastic color. On the other hand, manganese and lithium are responsible for creating the pink to red color of red tourmaline, also known as “rubellite.” The most famous sites of tourmaline are located in Brazil, Tanzania, Madagascar, and Sri Lanka. Since ancient times, tourmaline was considered to have medicinal, decorative and luck-bearing properties and was used as a stone for amulets. In Europe, the stone was discovered in 1703 by Dutch explorer who brought tourmaline with him from Sri Lanka. Its name is derived from the Sinhalese word "turmali" (multi-colored). Many properties are attributed to tourmaline. Some believe that the stone can lighten up the mood of its wearer and stimulate creativity. It is also believed to activate hormones and enzymes, and thus the stone may be beneficial for the immune system. Tourmaline is also said to have a renewing and rejuvenating effect, which can have a great affect on friendships and partnerships.
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